What is a Leak Detection System and How Does it Works

What is a Leak Detection System & How Does it Works?

Plumbing leaks are damaging. In the US, water destruction claims every year is more than $10 000.

Such incidents occur due to various reasons, and some of them are tough to detect. For instance, tiny leaks in pipes, faucet leakage, burst hot water tank, or a frozen pipe can destruct insulation and plumbing, resulting in sagged ceilings.

You cannot avoid water vandalism, but leaks can be traced using a detection system. Such a system monitors the water flow continuously and stops it if there is any irregularity.

Hence, a leak detector is built to add more peace to your mind and keeps your property safe from disfigurements and mind-blowing repair expenses.

What is Water Leakage Detection System?

A leak detection system is responsible for monitoring the flow of water. Once this mechanism notices any abnormal behavior, it cuts off the water supply to your house.

Such a device is generally installed at the point where water enters your home or office. Hence, it can shut down the water supply instantly if there is any problem.

As you can understand, water leak detection saves your house from damage and also reduces the expense of repairs.

Whether it’s a faucet running for long, your toilet flapper is jammed, or there are some fitting bursts behind the wall, the detector sees the wastage and stops the water supply.

You will like the fact that these systems are programmable, and hence, you can customize their settings based upon the water usage in your house. Such devices are compatible with smartphone apps, which means you can get notifications if there is a leak in your home. So, you can monitor and protect your house even if you are in a different city.

The network connectivity of such systems allows you to monitor the water usage patterns in your house. The leak detection mechanism informs you if there are any leaks and shut off the power supply immediately. The real-time tracking helps you to understand which fixtures and appliances are consuming the most of it.

Leak detection systems can also detect when the pipe water is about to freeze. When it turns into ice, the water hardens, which might crack the pipes leading to expensive plumbing repairs. It may also lead to flooding when the water thaws and leaks via the cracks.

If the temperature inside the pipelines goes below freezing point, then the detector system turns off the water supply until the temperature rises. You can manually turn on the flow if you think that it’s not risky.

How Does a Leak Detection System Work?

A leak detection system continuously scans the flow of water using ultrasonic wavelength or a mechanical turbine.

Either this detector observes the water flow by measuring the amount of water passed through a sensor or records the delay in time sonically. Generally, there are three types of detectors available in the market.

Moisture dependent: Some of the leakage detectors cut off the water supply if the moisture level goes high. If such a system detects that the moisture is going towards the floorboards, it triggers a mechanical valve to cut down the water supply.

The moisture sensing mechanism is perfect if you want to install it under a sink. A household leak detector generally tracks water usage to find leakages. A continuous flow of water generally means that there is a leak.

Mechanical: Mechanical leak detection systems measure the water as it passes through an inbuilt impeller and its fan. The water flows and spins this fan, which records the amount and sends the back to its mainframe.

Such a leakage detection mechanism works by tracking water usage. You use water in intervals while brushing the teeth, using the washing machine or dishwasher. Continuous water low might be a water escape.

Some of the mechanical leakage detection mechanisms come with two modes: Home and Away. When set in Home mode, the system allows uninterrupted water flow for 30 minutes and shuts down the supply.

Within half an hour, you can conveniently complete any of the daily activities or use an appliance.

Some electrical machines consume a continuous water supply, but none need it for more than 30 minutes. For instance, a washing machine needs a steady water supply, but not constantly.

Away mode allows only 30 seconds of continual water flow and then cuts it off. You can use these two patterns as per the requirements.

For instance, if you leave for a trip, set the leak detection system in Away mode. Switch the Home pattern when you come back.

You can use the Away mode in static caravans, lake houses, and any holiday home. It keeps your properties safe from damages due to water escapes.

Ultrasonic: Some of the leakage detection systems use ultrasonic waves to check the water flow. Such a unit sends ultrasonic waves both upstream and downstream. These waves record the water flow and send it to your smartphone via the home wireless network.

If the Wi-Fi is not working, the detector uses historical water usage data to monitor the flow. It also considers all the settings that you changed in the past and does the job effectively.

Similar to the mechanical models, the ultrasonic units stop the water flow after a particular duration. Generally, these detectors come with a smartphone app, which shares your living area’s water temperature, pressure, and humidity.

Ultrasonic systems are the best when we talk about water flow. Such a component never decreases the water pressure as it fits in line with the house’s plumbing. It means there are no obstructions to interfere with the water flow, unlike mechanical versions where a fan is constantly spinning.

Lack of water pressure is considerable at high flow rates. The pressure drop at the lower rate is negligible. So, you might not even notice it.

How Much Does a Leak Detection System Cost?

You can get a leak detector for your house within a price range of $200 to $2 500. However, a high-quality option is available within $400. The price varies depending upon the technology, make, and model.

If you are a beginner, we recommend consulting an expert to install a water leakage detection system. The cost of professionals varies between $200-$500 depending upon the detector and installation time type.

You can find an entry-level leakage detection system without investing a high amount. However, a cheap detector cannot turn off the water supply. So, these products are known as water monitors instead of sensors because they cannot shut down the water supply in case of any leakage.

Most of the budget-friendly leak detecting units can notify you about the water escape via a smartphone app. So, such a unit is beneficial if a leak occurs, especially if you are nearby. Once you receive the alert, you can take the required actions to fix the problem. However, these options are not helpful if you are on holiday.

What is a Reverse Osmosis Leak Detector?

Reverse osmosis leak detector shuts down the water supply if it detects high moisture levels. Such a device sits under the sink and is responsible for keeping a check on your reverse osmosis system. Once it leaks, the detector cuts down the flow of water.

A reverse osmosis leak inspector keeps your floorboards, hardwood items, and cabinets safe from moisture or flooding. High moisture levels beneath the sink can also promote mold growth, which is harmful to the residents. It’s the reason why we suggest that you deploy a leak detector in the reverse osmosis system in your kitchen.

The connection from the water supply to the filtration mechanism passes through the detector. Do you know how it works? There is a small paper disc inside this leak inspector. If the water escapes through the water tank or osmosis membrane, the paper disc absorbs moisture and swells upwards to push a small valve. This valve can close the water flow towards the filtration system. Hence, the leakage stops.

As you can understand, the reverse osmosis leak detector is straightforward. Still, it can save you from expensive repairs and the mold removal process. Hence, such leak detection systems are very useful in commercial establishments like schools, pharmacies, or laboratories. If you own a RO and want some added peace of mind, then try such a leak detector in your house, office, or lab.

You can connect the leak detectors with other water filtration devices including ultrafiltration, and even ice filtrations. A leak detector can be connected to any of the water flow as long as you can configure a ¼ tube with the filtration system.

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